Household rubbish, like Food scraps and Garden rubbish, are estimated at between 20-30% of what gets thrown away.  Organic Materials of any kind can become a valuable resource than a waste product.  Composting is a really easy and economical way to keep waste away from landfills, help reduce our impact on this plant, reduce and prevent greenhouse gases and cope with landfill constraints.

A lot of daily waste can simply be re-used to enrich our gardens/soil and fertilize flower beds, gardens, and lawns.

Composting Requires Three(3) Basic Ingredients;

  • Brown, Old leaves from the yard/eggshells, shredded paper is full of carbon and considered as 'brown' materials.
  • Green, Any scraps such as fruit/veggie, yard/garden clippings and manure(animals/human feces) are considered as 'green' materials and rich in nitrogen. 
  • Water, Adding H2O to compost helps with fermentation and the breakdown process of organic material.

Benefits of Composting;

  • Reduce expenses on  chemical fertilizers
  • Reduce methane emissions from landfills and carbon footprint
  • Reduce pollution in shipping/transporting to landfills
  • Enrich soil
  • Reduce water consumption - Good compost retains moisture
  • Suppress plant diseases and pest - balances the environment

How to make compost;

It's really simple - all you need is some garden tools(Pitchforks, shovel, water hose) and an area to mix/store waste materials.

  • Identify a dedicated, nice cool, shady area in your Backyard.
  • Start collecting material and add Brown/Green/Water
  • Mulching/Chopping or shredding organic material - it makes the time to make compost quicker
  • Moist the material as you add to the pile
  • Use a shovel to mix/turn the compost
  • Introduce earthworms/biological organisms/bacteria or enzymes

When the material at the bottom is dark and rich in color, it's ready to be used anywhere in your garden, lawn.  Making compost depends on a few things;   Temperature, Size of material, Moist content and bacterial process.  Compost can be made between 4 weeks to 8 weeks.  Compost is ready when it turned a rich brown color, and has decomposed into small soil-like particles.

Do Compost the following;

  • Vegetables/Fruit (Peels/cores/seeds/pieces/scraps)
  • Garden clippings(Leave/Grass)
  • Eggs, peanut, and nutshells
  • Stalks, Bark stems, and vines
  • Coffee grounds and filters, tea bags
  • Wood ashes (in limited amounts)
  • Manure (horse, cow, chicken & rabbit)

DO NOT Compost the following;

  • Biological products like Meat and fat, Fish, Poultry, Bones
  • Dairy products like cheese and milk
  • Plastic or synthetic fibers
  • Diseased plants with fungi/insects eggs
  • Vegetable/Automotive Oils/Lubricants
  • House Pet Feces (Dog and cat excrement)
  • Alien Weeds which have gone to seed
  • Invasive, Poisonous, Pest weeds

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